A spider vein is a tiny, damaged blood vessel that can develop near the surface of the face or legs. They are not normally painful, or even harmful, but you may want to have them treated for purely cosmetic reasons. Spider veins are usually caused by the same valve problems found in varicose veins. However, they appear somewhat differently than varicose veins. For one thing, they are much smaller than varicose veins. In fact, a spider vein may be only the width of a single blood cell. They also tend to be of a different color than varicose veins. Spider veins may be blue, red, or purple and may present as spiderwebs, lines, or branches.
Causes of Spider Veins
When spider veins are found on the legs, they tend to develop because the valves within the veins are no longer working correctly. These veins have a valve that is supposed to close after blood has passed through it. When the valve becomes damaged or weakened, the blood may not be able to flow in the right direction, leading to pooling inside of the vein. This can lead to the vein branching out and developing into a spider vein that requires professional treatment. When spider veins are found on the face, they typically are caused by tiny blood vessels that have burst, sun damage, or increased pressure.
About 60 percent of those who have spider veins also have venous insufficiency. About 99 percent of individuals with varicose veins have the problem due to venous insufficiency.
Chronic venous insufficiency may be genetic. The condition can also be caused by factors that lead to increased vein pressure like working at a desk job that involves a lot of sitting, pregnancy, obesity, or spending a great deal of time on your feet. Gravity is constantly working to pull the blood back down into your legs, leading to vein stretching and valves weakening. Sitting all day involves less muscle movement, and you begin seeing visible lines that are veins.
Another factor that can lead to the development of spider veins is putting on extra weight. When you are obese, abdominal fat increases, leading to increased pressure inside the abdomen. When blood attempts to return from your legs into your abdomen, it can be blocked, leading to the dilation of your veins all the way to near the surface of your skin.
Treating Spider Veins
If you are dealing with spider veins, the good news is they can be treated right here at Aesthetic Medicine & Veins in Mississauga. Contact us today to book an appointment and learn about your treatment options!